Roger Boyle, first Earl of Orrery and founder of Charleville, is usually represented as an opponent of Ormond, the former being President of Munster, the latter Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Yet, in their correspondence of the 1660s when they held these offices what one finds is more a conflict of personalities and perspecives than any destructive enmity where the struggle over policy is concerned. Orrery, usually writing from Charleville, is obsessed with the possibility of French invasion on the southern coast, to counter which he urges the construction of barracks and embodying the numerous militia corps. He is slow to antagonise Ormond in Ormond’s native Tipperary, and Ormond for his part is anxious to hold on to what he has acquired as new property around Dingle in Kerry, which is far nearer to Orrery’s sphere. Orrery’s niece (Lady Ellen Barry) is married to Sir Arthur Denny at Tralee Castle, so Denny is Orrery’s eyes and ears where dealing with Kerry’s tories is concerned, not forgetting shipwrecks on the Kerry coast and French officers recruiting for the Irish brigade. All is reported faithfully to Ormond. At one point Orrery takes solace in the strategy of concentrating a strong military presence in Kilmallock and Mallow, by this means to secure the province against the inevitable uprising that will accompany a French landing anywhere on the coast. The district has a special significance for Orrery as his brother Lewis Boyle was killed at the battle of Liscarrol in 1642, a battle which turned the war against the Irish at that time.