In 1565 William Pipard, or Peppard … was Sheriff of Kildare, and in 1576 Anthony Peppard had Crown leases of lands in Wexford, Dublin, Cork, Carlow and Tipperary. In the following year he had a commission to execute martial law in Carlow. In 1578 he was appointed, with Meiler Magrath (Archbishop of Cashel) (and others) to search for the concealed lands of Irish monasteries and attainted persons. In 1582 a fiant granted pardons to ‘Thomas Lee, of Castlemarten, County Kildare, gentleman, and Elizabeth Peppard, his wife’ and to ‘Anthony Peppard of Glascarrick, CountyWexford, gentleman, and Mave Kavanagh, his wife’. In the following year Elizabeth Stukely and Anthony Peppard, gentleman, had a Crown lease of ‘the cell of the priory of Glascarrick, with its possessions, in recompense of their demand for Slewmargie, some time in the possession of Walter Peppard, deceased, father of the said Anthony’. In 1586 Anthony Peppard had further Crown leases of lands in Kildare, Kilkenny, Dublin and Galway, and of the ‘Castle called Castell Gard’ in Galway, with tithes and rectories in Kildare, for 60 years. Most of those lands had belonged to suppressed monasteries, and Peppard, like almost all Roman Catholics of his time, had no scruples about convertint them to secular uses … At the plantation of Wexford under James the First, Patrick Peppard … had a grant of 1400 acres tgereub, According to Sir Bernard Burke, the grandson of Anthony Peppard of Glascarrick, in 1587, was Patrick Peppard, whose grandson Patrick, in 1660-70, settled at Kilmacow, in Limerick, and there, as we shall hereafter see, intermarried with the Dowdalls, whose original home was also in Louth and Meath.
Sir John Dowdall and his son served in Queen Elizabeth’s army for many years during the last great Desmond rebellions. Sir John had a grant of lands in Kilkenny, which he sold to the 1st Earl of Cork, and he then purchased Kilfinny and other lands in Limerick, including Castletwon, part of the forfeitures of the FitzGeralds, Knights of Glin. Sir John Dowdall junior succeeded his father in these estates and married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Southwell, of Poulong, County Cork … who survived him, and is said to have married … But Elizabeth, Lady Dowdall, is always called by the name in the 17th century records relating to the rebellion of 1641-9, in which she played a notable part. Her Castle of Kilfinny was besieged by the Irish army under Lord Muskerry and General Purcell, of Croagh, and was defended by her for several weeks with great courage and determination.
(Mary Agnes Hickson, The Kerry Evening Post, 20 April, 1892.)